Current status of Birds of Prey in Ukraine

Legend [Українською]

Species Breeding Migra-
ting
Win-
tering
Acci-
dental
Distribution Modern online
databases
Accipitriformes ua-
birds
iNatu-
ralist
Osprey
(Pandion haliaetus)
R?* R Possible breeding in Volyn and Rivne Oblasts.
Eur. Honey-Buzzard
(Pernis apivorus)
S C Breeding in the forest and forest-steppe zones, sporadically in steppes and in the mountains of Crimea.
Red Kite
(Milvus milvus)
R* R* Single cases of breeding are known in the West of Ukraine in the second decade of the 20th century; accidental in other areas.
Black Kite
(Milvus migrans)
S S R* Breeding almost in all areas of Ukraine except the Carpathian highlands, substantial part of the steppe zone and Crimea.
Hen Harrier
(Circus cyaneus)
R* C S Breeding in some regions of the North of Polissya, in Sumy, Chernihiv and Rivne Oblasts.
Pallid Harrier
(Circus macrourus)
R R* The last cases of breeding had been reported in Sumy and Luhansk Oblasts in 1980 years.
Montagu’s Harrier
(Circus pygargus)
S S Sporadically breeding almost in all areas excluding the mountain regions.
Western Marsh-Harrier
(Circus aeruginosus)
C C R* Breeding throughout the country excluding the mountain regions.
Northern Goshawk
(Accipiter gentilis)
C C C Breeding throughout the country.
Eurasian Sparrowhawk
(Accipiter nisus)
S C C Breeding in the forest, forest-steppe zones, in the mountains of Crimea and sporadically in steppes.
Levant Sparrowhawk
(Accipiter brevipes)
R* R* C* Breeding in the valley of the Siverskyi Donets River, maybe at the Danube River; accidental in other areas.
Rough-legged Buzzard
(Buteo lagopus)
C C
Long-legged Buzzard
(Buteo rufinus)
S R R* Breeding in the steppe and partly in forest-steppe zones.
Eurasian Buzzard
(Buteo buteo)
C C C Breeding almost throughout the country.
Short-toed Snake-Eagle
(Circaetus gallicus)
R R R* Breeding in the forest and forest-steppe zones, also sporadically in the steppe zone and in the Crimean Mountains.
Booted Eagle
(Hieraaetus pennatus)
R R Breeding areas cover the Carpathian region, the most of the forest-steppe and the North of steppe zones.
Steppe Eagle
(Aquila nipalensis)
R* The last breeding case has been reported in the Askania-Nova Nature Reserve in 1981.
Greater Spotted Eagle
(Clanga clanga)
R* R R* Breeding in the North of Volyn, Rivne, Zhytomyr, Kyiv and Chernihiv Oblasts.
Lesser Spotted Eagle
(Clanga pomarina)
S S Breeding mostly in the West, North and Centre of the country; single pairs breed in the steppe zone and in the East.
Eastern Imperial Eagle
(Aquila heliaca)
R R R* Breeding in Crimea, the East of Ukraine and some areas at the Dnipro River’s basin.
Golden Eagle
(Aquila chrysaetos)
R* R R Breeding in the Carpathians.
White-tailed Sea-Eagle
(Haliaeetus albicilla)
R R S Breeding mostly in valleys of the Dnipro River and its tributaries, at the Siverskyi Donets and sporadically near large bodies of water in other regions.
Pallas’s Fish-Eagle
(Haliaeetus leucoryphus)
R*
Egyptian Vulture
(Neophron percnopterus)
R Was breeding in the Crimean Mountains and rocks of the Dnister River until the second half of the 20th century.
Cinereous Vulture
(Aegypius monachus)
R* R* R* Settled in Crimea, accidental in other areas.
Griffon Vulture
(Gyps fulvus)
R* R* R* Settled in Crimea, accidental in other areas.
Falconidae ua-
birds
iNatu-
ralist
Gyrfalcon
(Falco rusticolus)
R
Saker Falcon
(Falco cherrug)
R R R* Breeding in the steppe zone.
Peregrine Falcon
(Falco peregrinus)
R* R R Settled in Crimea, single pairs breed in the Carpathian region and big cities.
Lanner Falcon
(Falco biarmicus)
R*
Eurasian Hobby
(Falco subbuteo)
C C Breeding throughout the country.
Merlin
(Falco columbarius)
R R
Red-footed Falcon
(Falco vespertinus)
S S Breeding in the steppe zone.
Amur Falcon
(Falco amurensis)
R*
Lesser Kestrel
(Falco naumanni)
R* R* A single case of breeding has been recorded in Crimea at the beginning of the 21st century; accidental in the southern areas.
Common Kestrel
(Falco tinnunculus)
C C S Breeding throughout the country.
Strigiformes ua-
birds
iNatu-
ralist
Common Barn-Owl
(Tyto alba)
R* R* Breeding in Zakarpattia, Crimea and sporadically in the southern regions; accidental in other areas.
Northern Hawk-Owl
(Surnia ulula)
R
Snowy Owl
(Nyctea scandiaca)
R
Eurasian Eagle-Owl
(Bubo bubo)
R R Breeding in the Carpathian region, Polissya and in the East of Ukraine.
Nor. Long-eared Owl
(Asio otus)
C C C Breeding throughout the country.
Short-eared Owl
(Asio flammeus)
R R R Sporadically breeding throughout the country, besides mountains and Zakarpattia.
Eurasian Scops-Owl
(Otus scops)
S S Breeding in the steppe zone and Zakarpattia.
Eurasian Pygmy-Owl
(Glaucidium passerinum)
R* R* Breeding in the Carpathians and the North of Polissya (Rivne, Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Chernihiv and Sumy Oblasts).
Boreal Owl
(Aegolius funereus)
R* R* Breeding in the Carpathians and the North of Polissya (Rivne, Zhytomyr and Sumy Oblasts).
Little Owl
(Athene noctua)
S S Breeding throughout the country except highlands.
Tawny Owl
(Strix aluco)
C C Breeding in the forest and forest-steppe zones, substantial part of the steppe zone, the lower reaches of the Dnipro and Danube Rivers, the Crimean Mountains.
Ural Owl
(Strix uralensis)
S* S* Breeding in the Carpathians and surrounding areas.
Great Grey Owl
(Strix nebulosa)
R* R* Breeding in the North of Polissya (Volyn, Rivne, Zhytomyr and Kyiv Oblasts).

C – common
S – scanty
R – rare
? – status needs to be specified
* – status relates only to a small area of Ukraine

Compilers: Gavrylyuk M.N., Domashevsky S.V., Vetrov V.V., Milobog Yu.V.

Updated: December 5th, 2020

More details on the birds of prey status in different region of Ukraine can be found in the attached file for January 2009.